Towards the Next Generation Environmental Impact Assessment
A comparative analysis of the opportunities for improvement and standardization in Brazil and Canada
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is being increasingly questioned on efficiency grounds. In reaction, worldwide governments have been increasingly reforming EIA laws and regulations. Scholars, in Brazil and globally, are studying this phenomenon, but developments in this field remain limited. Preliminary studies indicate that, while it is clear the need for a “next generation” EIA, one that is more participative, technically rigorous, efficient, and oriented towards the long-term sustainability of impacted communities and the environment, the means to move towards this goal are still unclear. Some authors argue that current EIA regulatory changes have been marked by fragmented, simplistic and non-standardized measures that might have unintended negative consequences. The main objective of this Research Project is to identify opportunities for enhancing and standardizing federal-level EIA systems worldwide, using Canada and Brazil as the empirical contexts. The main products of this research project are academic articles, technical reports and online videos, which will all be disclosed here in this webpage. The reseach project started in Februrary 2019 and is expected to extend until December 2020.
Fonseca, Alberto; Gibson, Robert B. Why are projects rarely rejected in environmental impact assessments? Narratives of justifiability in Brazilian and Canadian review reports. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT, v. Online version, p. 1-24.
Fonseca, Alberto; Gibson, Robert B. . Testing an ex-ante framework for the evaluation of impact assessment laws: Lessons from Canada and Brazil. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REVIEW, v. 81, p. 106355, 2020.
Fonseca, Alberto; BRITO, L. L. A. ; Gibson, Robert B. . Methodological Pluralism in Environmental Impact Prediction and Significance Evaluation: A Case for Standardization?. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REVIEW, v. 80, p. 106320, 2020
Fonseca, Alberto; Gibson, Robert B. Why are projects rarely rejected in Environmental Impact Assessment? Insights from Canadian and Brazilian review reports. Oral presentation at upcoming IAIA20 International Conference, Seville, Spain, 2021.
Fonseca, Alberto; SÁNCHEZ, LUIS ENRIQUE ; MONTANO, M. ; SOUZA, M. P. ; ALMEIDA, M. R. R. E. . Nota Técnica - Proposta de Lei Geral do Licenciamento Ambiental: Análise crítica e propositiva do projeto de lei à luz das boas práticas internacionais e da literatura científica 2019 (Technical Report).
SÁNCHEZ, LUIS ENRIQUE ; FONSECA, A. MONTANO, M. Nota Técnica (Atualização 1.10 - Proposta de Lei Geral do Licenciamento Ambiental: Análise crítica e propositiva do projeto de lei à luz das boas práticas internacionais e da literatura científica 2019 (Technical Report).
Robert B. Gibson | Host & Supervisor | Canadian Institutional Website
This project is supported by CNPq's international postdoctoral research grant [202875/2018-0].